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Last update: 16 July, 2022.
Launched: 27 December, 2011.

Note: the largest public bibliography of references on Zipf’s law for word frequencies is available here. Here we only offer a selection of references on Zipf’s law on animal behavior and organic chemistry.


Hint for browsing: Heaps’ law is another name for Herdan’s law.

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2022

Ferrer-i-Cancho, R.; Lusseau, D.; McCowan, B.

Parallels of human language in the behavior of bottlenose dolphins Journal Article

In: Linguistic Frontiers, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 5-11, 2022.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Law of meaning distribution, Meaning-frequency law, Menzerath-Altmann law, theory construction, Zipf's law for word frequencies, Zipf's law of abbreviation

Semple, S.; Ferrer-i-Cancho, R.; Gustison, M.

Linguistic laws in biology Journal Article

In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 53-66, 2022.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Law of meaning distribution, Meaning-frequency law, Menzerath-Altmann law, Zipf's law for word frequencies, Zipf's law of abbreviation

2021

Gultekin, Yasemin B.; Hildebrand, David G. C.; Hammerschmidt, Kurt; Hage, Steffen R.

High plasticity in marmoset monkey vocal development from infancy to adulthood Journal Article

In: Science Advances, vol. 7, no. 27, 2021.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Caetano-Anollés, Gustavo

The compressed vocabulary of microbial life Journal Article

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 12, pp. 1273, 2021, ISSN: 1664-302X.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Herdan's law, Menzerath-Altmann law, Zipf's law for word frequencies, Zipf's law of abbreviation

2014

Cadeddu, Andrea; Wylie, Elizabeth K; Jurczak, Janusz; Wampler-Doty, Matthew; Grzybowski, Bartosz A

Organic Chemistry as a Language and the Implications of Chemical Linguistics for Structural and Retrosynthetic Analyses Journal Article

In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 53, no. 31, pp. 8108-8112, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2012

Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon; McCowan, Brenda

The span of correlations in dolphin whistle sequences Journal Article

In: Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol. 2012, no. 06, pp. P06002, 2012.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Freeberg, T M; Lucas, J R

Information theoretical approaches to chick-a-dee calls of Carolina chickadees (Poecile carolinensis) Journal Article

In: Journal of Comparative Psychology, vol. 126, pp. 68–81, 2012.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2011

Doyle, Laurance R; McCowan, Brenda; Johnston, Simon; Hanser, Sean F

Information theory, animal communication, and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence Journal Article

In: Acta Astronautica, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 406 - 417, 2011, ISSN: 0094-5765, (SETI Special Edition).

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2010

Genty, Emilie; Byrne, Richard W

Why do gorillas make sequences of gestures? Journal Article

In: Animal Cognition, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 287-301, 2010, ISSN: 1435-9456.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2007

Lucas, Jeffrey R; Freeberg, Todd M

“Information” and the chick-a-dee call: Communicating with a complex vocal system Incollection

In: Otter, K (Ed.): Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: An Integrated Approach, pp. 199-213, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2005

McCowan, B; Doyle, L R; Jenkins, J M; Hanser, S F

The appropriate use of Zipf's law in animal communication studies Journal Article

In: Animal Behaviour, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. F1 - F7, 2005, ISSN: 0003-3472.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Suzuki, Ryuji; Buck, John R; Tyack, Peter L

The use of Zipf's law in animal communication analysis Journal Article

In: Animal Behaviour, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. F9 - F17, 2005, ISSN: 0003-3472.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2003

Furusawa, Chikara; Kaneko, Kunihiko

Zipf's law in gene expression Journal Article

In: Physical Review Letters, vol. 90, pp. 088102, 2003.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

2002

McCowan, B; Doyle, L R; Hanser, S F

Using information theory to assess the diversity, complexity and development of communicative repertoires Journal Article

In: Journal of Comparative Psychology, vol. 116, pp. 166-172, 2002.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Searls, David B

The language of genes Journal Article

In: Nature, vol. 420, no. 6912, pp. 211-217, 2002, ISSN: 1476-4687.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1999

McCowan, Brenda; Hanser, Sean F; Doyle, Laurance R

Quantitative tools for comparing animal communication systems: information theory applied to bottlenose dolphin whistle repertoires Journal Article

In: Animal Behaviour, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 409 - 419, 1999, ISSN: 0003-3472.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1996

Burgos, Javier D.

Fractal representation of the immune B cell repertoire Journal Article

In: Biosystems, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 1996, ISSN: 0303-2647.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Burgos, Javier D.; Moreno-Tovar, Pedro

Zipf-scaling behavior in the immune system Journal Article

In: Biosystems, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 227 - 232, 1996, ISSN: 0303-2647.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1994

Ficken, M S; Hailman, E D; Hailman, J P

The chick-a-dee call system of the Mexican chickadee Journal Article

In: Condor, vol. 96, pp. 70-82, 1994.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

Hailman, J P

Constrained permutation in 'chick-a-dee' like calls of a black-lored tit em Parus em Xanthogenys Journal Article

In: Bioacoustics, vol. 6, pp. 33-50, 1994.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1990

Markov, Vladimir I; Ostrovskaya, Vera M

Organization of Communication System in Tursiops Truncatus Montagu Incollection

In: Thomas, Jeanette A; Kastelein, Ronald A (Ed.): Sensory Abilities of Cetaceans: Laboratory and Field Evidence, pp. 599–622, Springer US, Boston, MA, 1990, ISBN: 978-1-4899-0858-2.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1988

Howes-Jones, Daryl; Barlow, Jon C; Museum., Royal Ontario

The structure of the call note system of the warbling vireo Book

Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, 1988, (The authors actually reports evidence of an exponential-like distribution, rather than the power-law like distribution of Zipf's law for word frequencies.).

Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies

1986

Bender, M. L.; Gill, Pritmohinder

The genetic code and Zipf's Law Journal Article

In: Current Anthropology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 280–283, 1986, ISSN: 00113204, 15375382.

Links | BibTeX | Tags: Zipf's law for word frequencies